The key to a functional work area in your home is to ensure that it is designed with your needs in mind. Every office should incorporate the following:

Items that are accessed frequently, such as printers, fax machines and telephones, should be within easy reach from where you are sitting. Placing these items strategically saves you time, since you won't have to leave your chair to access them.

A comfortable, supportive chair is just as important as a well-organized desk. A chair that offers good support helps prevent fatigue and increases productivity. A chair with wheels allows you mobility to other areas in the office, which actually can save time.

The top of your monitor should be slightly below eye-level to reduce strain on your eyes, neck and back. Your keyboard is best kept at elbow height and angled as flat as possible or slightly downhill. Keep your monitor and keyboard square, or parallel to each other to avoid awkward and uncomfortable body positions.

Desktop document storage for papers that require immediate attention or that you access regularly is crucial to staying organized. Use colorful file folders to organize by project and keep them in a hanging organizer or tiered organizer on your desktop. Completed projects and files can be stored in an elfa File Cart or Bisley File Cabinet.

Utilize shelves or wall space to the fullest to provide more space and limit distractions on the desktop. Items that you don't need to access as frequently can be kept further away. Choose a shelving system that maximizes vertical space so you have ample storage for current and past projects.

Every office should include a trash can and a receptacle for holding paper to be recycled. Magazine and newspaper bins are also helpful. Purchase a shredder to destroy paperwork or bills that include personal information.